Shaffer, V. A., Focella, E. S., Scherer, L. D., & Zikmund-Fisher, B. J. (in press). Debiasing affective forecasting errors with targeted, but not representative, experience narratives. Patient Education and Counseling. doi:

Scherer, L. D., Shaffer, V. A., Patel, N., & Zikmund-Fisher, B. J. (2016). Can the vaccine adverse event reporting system be used to increase vaccine acceptance and trust? Vaccine, 34 (21), 2424-2429.

Focella, E. S., Zikmund-Fisher, B. J., & Shaffer, V. A. (2016). What can realistic previews do for physicians and patients? Applying realistic previews to increase adherence and patient satisfaction. Medical Decision Making, 36, 683-685.


Focella, E. S., Shaffer, V. A., Dannecker, E. A., Clark, M. J., & Schopp, L. H. (2015). Racial/ethnic differences in the use of primary care and preventative health services at a Midwestern university. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. Advance online publication doi: 10.1007/s40615-015-0148-1.

Countryman-Roswurm, K. L. & Shaffer, V. A. (2015). It’s more than just my body that got hurt: The psychophysiological consequences of sex trafficking. Journal of Trafficking, Organized Crime and Security, 1, 1-8.


Shaffer, V. A., Templin, S., & Hulsey, L.  (2013).  The effect of narrative information in a publicly available patient decision aid for early stage breast cancer.  Health Communication, 29(1), 64-73.

Kabel, A., Dannecker, E. A., & Shaffer, V. A., Mocca, K. C., & Murray, A. M. (2014). Osteoarthritis and social embarrassment: Risk, pain, & avoidance. Sage OPEN. doi:


Shaffer, V. A.Owens, J., & Zikmund-Fisher, B. J. (2013). The effects of narratives on information search in web-based patient decision aid.  Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15(2), e273.

Shaffer, V. A., Hulsey, L., & Zikmund-Fisher, B. J. (2013). The effects of process-focused versus experience-focused narratives in a breast cancer decision task. Patient Education and Counseling, 93, 255-264.

Bekker, H.L., Winterbottom, A., Butow, P., Dillard A., Feldman-Stewart, D., Jibaja-Weiss, M., Shaffer, V. A., Volk, R. Using personal stories. (2013). BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 13(Suppl2), S9.

Probst, C.AShaffer, V. A., & Chan, Y. R.. (2013). The effect of defaults in an electronic health record on laboratory test ordering practices for pediatric patients. Health Psychology, 32(9), 995-1002.

Shaffer, V. A. & Zikmund-Fisher, B. J. (2013). All stories are not alike: A purpose-, content-, and valence-based taxonomy of patient narratives in decision aids. Medical Decision Making 3, 4-13. 

Shaffer, V. A., Probst, C. A., Merkle, E. C., Medow, M. A., & Arkes, H. R.  (2013). Why do patients derogate physicians who use a computer-based diagnostic support system? Medical Decision Making, 3, 108-118.


Shaffer, V. A., Merkle, E. C., Fagerlin, A., Griggs, J. J., Langa, K. M., & Iwashyna, T. J.  (2012). Chemotherapy is not associated with enduring cognitive decline in older adult patients with breast and colorectal cancer..

Bekker, H.L., Winterbottom, A., Butow, P., Dillard A., Feldman-Stewart, D., Jibaja-Weiss, M., Shaffer, V. A., Volk, R. (2012). Using personal stories. In Volk R. & Llewellyn-Thomas H (Editors). 2012 Update of the International Patient Decision Aids Standards (IPDAS) Collaboration’s Background Document. Chapter E.


Merkle, E. C. & Shaffer, V. A.  (2011).  Binary recursive partitioning as an alternative to regression in Psychology. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 64, 161-181.


Medow, M. A., Arkes, H. R., & Shaffer, V. A.  (2010).  Specialists or decision aids: Who/what is attended to more? Journal of General Internal Medicine, 25(4), 316-320.


Lambdin, C. G. & Shaffer, V. A.  (2009).  Are within-subjects designs transparent? Judgment and Decision Making, 4(7), 554-566.

Shaffer, V. A. & Arkes, H. R.  (2009).  Preference reversals in the evaluation of cash versus noncash incentives.  Journal of Economic Psychology, 30, 859-872.

Shaffer, V.A. & Hulsey, L.  (2009).  Are patient decision aids effective? Insight from revisiting the debate between correspondence and coherence theories of judgment. Judgment and Decision Making, 4 (2), 141-146.


Arkes, H. R., Shaffer, V. A. & Medow, M. A.  (2008).  The influence of a physician’s use of a diagnostic decision aid on the malpractice verdicts of mock jurors.  Medical Decision Making, 28 (2), 201-208 .


Shaffer, V. A. & Shaffer, L. S.  (2007).  The use of recipe knowledge in medicine.  International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 2 (7), 73-80.

Arkes, H. R., Shaffer, V. A., & Medow, M. A.  (2007).  Patients derogate physicians who use a computer-assisted diagnostic aid.  Medical Decision Making, 27 (2), 189-202.

Jeffrey, S. A. & Shaffer, V. A.  (2007).  The motivational properties of tangible incentives.  Compensation and Benefits Review, 39, 44-50.


Arkes, H. R., Shaffer, V. A., & Dawes, R.  (2006). Comparing holistic and disaggregated ratings in the evaluation of scientific presentations.  Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 19, 429-439.

Robles, T. R., Shaffer, V. A., Malarkey, W. B., Glaser, R., & Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K.  (2006).  Positive behaviors during marital conflict: Influences on stress hormones.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23(2), 305-325.

Arkes, H. R. &  Shaffer, V.A.  (2006).  Should we use decision aids or gut feelings? In C. Engel and G. Gigerenzer (Eds.), Heuristics and the law.  Dahlem Workshop Report 94. (pp. 411-424)  Cambridge, M.A.: The MIT Press.


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